Lockwood de Forest Biography

Moonrise York Harbor, Maine, Aug. 12, 1906

9.75 x 14 inches  |  oil on artist's card stock

Lockwood de Forest II was born in New York in 1850, the son of Henry G. and Julia Weeks de Forest. He began to paint and draw at an early age. At the age of nineteen de Forest had already begun formal training as an artist in Rome at the Corridi school, and had adopted his relative Frederick Church, the famous Hudson River School painter, as his mentor. Although he demonstrated multiple skills in his career, he painted passionately throughout his life.

During his lifetime de Forest was best known as a designer. He was a strong proponent of Indian-inspired design, for which there was a fashion in the late nineteenth century. His travels fueled his interest in eastern art and architecture, and he used his knowledge to further develop his design business. He traveled extensively, from Italy and Greece to the Holy Land and south into the Persian Empire and India; eventually he traveled throughout the United States, Mexico and even to China, Japan and Korea. He recorded his travels not only with design work, but with carefully rendered landscapes, which became increasingly atmospheric over the course of his career.

Captivated by the light and landscape of the South Coast, de Forest began wintering in Santa Barbara around the turn of the century, and moved to Santa Barbara permanently in 1919, where he lived until his death in 1932.

Videos

3:06 | Narrated by Nathan Vonk | Released for LOCKWOOD DE FOREST: Wanderlust, 2016

5:45 | Narrated by Jeremy Tessmer | Released for SYSTEM DISRUPTION, 2018

4:08 | Narrated by Susan Bush | Released for De Forest's SANTA BARBARA, 2014

4:57 | Narrated by Jeremy Tessmer | Released for Tonalism Then: 1870-1930, 2013

5:30 | Narrated by Jeremy Tessmer | Released for AN EVEN DOZEN, 2013

3:15 | Narrated by Nathan Vonk | Released for In Search of the Source, 2012

4:28 | Narrated by Frank Goss | Released for 40 Days & 40 Nights: The Paintings of Lockwood de Forest, 2011

5:30 | Narrated by Frank Gos

4:44 | Jeremy Tessmer | Released for Lockwood de Forest (1850-1932)

More Information

AWARDS & AFFILIATIONS

1886  Medal for Indian Carvings Colonial Exposition, London
1893  Medal Columbian Exposition, Chicago
1898  Election to the National Academy of Design
1904  Bronze medal, St. Louis Exposition

 

COLLECTIONS

Alaska State Museum, Juneau, AK
Art Institute of Chicago
Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, CA
Baltimore Museum of Art
Brooklyn Museum
Brynn Mawr College
Century Association, New York, NY
Cleveland Museum, Cleveland, OH
Cooper Hewitt, National Design Museum, New York, NY
Crocker Museum, Sacramento, CA
Field Museum and Art Institute
Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco
Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, IN
Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NY
India Museum, South Kensington, London, England
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, IN
Lahore Museum, Lahore, India
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Mark Twain Memorial, Hartford, CT
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Morse Museum of American Art
Merchant Ivory Foundation, Claverack, NY
National Academy of Design, New York, NY
New York Historical Society, New York, NY
New York University's Bonfman Center, NY
Olana State Historic Museum, Hudson, NY
Palm Springs Museum of Art
Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA
Santa Barbara Historical Museum
Santa Cruz Island Foundation, Santa Barbara, CA
Sullivan Goss - Private Collection
Smith College
Smithsonian, Washington, DC
University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
Wilding Art Museum, Los Olivos, CA
Wolfsonian Museum, Miami, FL

 

CHRONOLOGY

1850  Born New York, NY
1864  First trip abroad
1868  Family winters in Rome
1870s  Studies briefly with James Hart
1870s  Sketching trips to the Adirondacks, Rhode Island, MA
1872–1883  Studio in New York's Tenth Street Studio Building
1875  First academy exhibition entry, a Grecian landscape
1875  Travels with family to London, Egypt, Palestine
1877  National Academy of Design submission Pyramid of Saqqara
1877  Travels to Greece and Egypt
1879  Partners with Louis Tiffany, Samuel Colman, & Candace Wheeler in Associated Artists
1880–1882  Honeymoons with Meta Kemble in India
1880  Sets up furniture & decorations factory in Ahmadebad to create his designs
1882  Associated Artists dissolved
1885  Publishes Indian Domestic Architecture
1886  Builds home to his design on East 10th St., NY
1892  Visits India, including Ahmadebad factory again to supervise
1893  Medal for commissioned room Marshall Field at World Expo
1898  Election to the National Academy of Design
1898  Visits Europe
1900  Starts wintering in Santa Barbara, CA
1908  Sells his decorating stock in New York
1912  Publishes Illustrations of Design
1913  Last trip to India
1915  Builds home in Santa Barbara, CA
1919  Begins to reside yearround in Santa Barbara, CA
1932  Died April 3, at the age of 82, in Santa Barbara, CA

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Ackerman, Gerald M. American Orientalists. Paris: ACR Edition, 1994.
2. Alaska State Museum. Lockwood de Forest : Alaska Oil Sketches.
3. de Forest, Lockwood. Illustrations of Design, Based on Notes of Line as Used by the Craftsmen of India. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1912.
4. Goldyne, Joseph. Lockwood de Forest: Plein-air Oil Sketches. New York: Richard York Gallery, 2001.
5. Hughes, Eden Milton. Artists in California 1786-1940. Third edition. Sacramento, Calif.: 2002.

De Forest is also listed in:

American Art Annual (1919-1932, obituary)
Artists of the American West (Doris Dawdy)
Artists of the American West (Samuels)
Mantle Fielding's
Southern California Artists (Nancy Moure)
Who's Who in America (1918)
Who's Who in California (1929)

EXHIBITIONS

2014  Lockwood de Forest, Smithsonian, Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, New York, NY
2014  All The Raj-Frederic Church & Lockwood de Forest: Painting, Decorating & Collecting at Olana, Olana, New York St. Park, NY
2014  De Forest's Santa Barbara, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
2013  Luminescent Santa Barbara: Lockwood de ForestSanta Barbara Historical Museum, Santa Barbara, CA
2013  Along the Nile, St. Mary's College Museum of Art, Morago, CA
2012  Lockwood de Forest in Monterey, Art in the Adobes, Monterey, CA
2012  Lockwood de Forest; 40 Nights, Museum of Monterey, Monterey, CA
2012  Lockwood de Forest's Egypt, Morse Museum of American Art, Winter Park, FL
2012  Lockwood de Forest: Observer of Nature, Gavin Spanierman, Ltd., New York, NY
2012  In Search of the Source: Paintings of the Nile and Beyond, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
2012  Night and Day: The Paintings of Lockwood de Forest, Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CA
2011  40 Days & 40 Nights, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
2010  The Cooley Gallery, Old Lyme, CT
2010  Lockwood de Forest (1850-1932), Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
2009  Glories of the Hudson: Frederic Edwin Church's Views from Olana, Olana, Hudson, NY
2008  Casa del Herrero, Montecito, CA
2008  Lockwood de Forest: Poet of Place, Greenville County Museum of Art, Greenville, SC
2008  Views to Vista: Impressions of Lockwood de Forest, Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, Santa Barbara, CA
2007  Lockwood de Forest: At First Blush, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
2005  Lockwood de Forest, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
2003  In Quietude, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
2001  Plein-Air Oil Sketches, Richard York Gallery, New York, NY
2000  An Introduction, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
2000  Nocturnes, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA
1989 Montgomery Gallery in San Francisco
1998  The Painted Sketch, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
1988  Lockwood de Forest: Alaskan Oil Sketches, Alaska Museum of Art, Juneau, AK
1976  Lockwood de Forest: Painter, Importer, Decorator, Heckscher Museum, Huntington, NY
1960, 2001 (solo)  Santa Barbara Museum of Art
1933  Faulkner Memorial Art Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
1928  Pasadena Art Institute, Pasadena, CA
1925  Commemorative Exhibition by Members of the National Academy of Design, 1825-1925
1923  Little Gallery, San Diego, CA
1922  Stendahl Gallery, Los Angeles (solo)
1920  Art Department, California State Fair, Sacramento
1918  American Art Association
1913  John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, IN
1913  Art Association of Indianapolis, IN (solo)
1913  St. Louis City Museum, St. Louis, MO (solo)
1913  Santa Barbara Museum of Art (solo)
1911  The Central School of Art & Design, London (solo)
1909 - 1910  Del Monte Art Gallery, Monterey, CA
1908  New York Camera Club
1908  Saint Paul Guild, Saint Paul, MN (solo)
1906, 1908  Corcoran Gallery
1906  Society of Illustrators in Philadelphia
1905  Steckel Gallery, Los Angeles (solo)
1905  Saint Boltoph Club, Boston (solo)
1905  Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
1905 - 1909 (solo), 1907 - 1908, 1910  The Century Association (aka The Century Club)
1904  Louisiana Purchase Expo (award) , St. Louis, MO
1901  Pan American Exposition, Buffalo, NY (award)
1894  Boston Art Club, Boston,MA
1893  World's Columbian Expo (award), Chicago, IL
1889, 1894 - 1895 (Annual Exhibition)  Art Institute of Chicago
1887  Artists Fund, New York, NY
1886  Colonial Expo (medal), London
1885, 1892 (solo)  Avery's Art Galleries, New York, NY
1884  Hillyer Art Gallery at Smith College< Northhampton, MA
1884-1893 (Annual Exhibition)  Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
1883  International Art Exhibition, Munich
1881  Lahore Exhibition, Pakistan
1880  Union League Club
1878  Paris Universal Exhibition
1876  4th Park Gallery, Burlington, VT
1876  Young Women's Christian Association
1875, 1877, 1880, 1885  Louisville Industrial Exposition
1875  Cincinnati Industrial Exposition
1875  Chicago Interstate Industrial Exposition
1873, 1875 - 1877, 1879  Brooklyn Art Association
1873, 1875, 1878 - 1880, 1884, 1891 - 1892,1894 - 1895, 1899, 1900, 1904  (three solo exhibits), 
1872 - 1875, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1883 - 1911, 1916, 1919, 1924 - 1927, 1930  National Academy of Design

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